One of the specialties of dentistry is the field of orthodontics. With many people nowadays requesting braces, it has almost become a pop culture for people to wear them. Although it does come with some discomfort and complications, braces do serve their function and can restore your dentition alignment. This is ideal for better chewing and beautiful smiles in the future.

Dental braces (which are also known as orthodontic cases or braces) are devices used in the specialty of orthodontics that aligns the teeth and re-positions them. They are often used to correct underbites, as well as deep bites, malocclusions, overbites, open bites as well as other flaws of the jaw and teeth. Nowadays, orthodontists use this device to correct teeth alignments in patients for cosmetic or structural reasons. Dental braces are typically used in conjunction with other orthodontic appliances and used to increase the width of the palate or jaws.

Orthodontics work by applying continuous force to move teeth eventually in the desired direction. While the teeth move, the jaw bone changes its shape. Braces are worn by teenagers and adults alike. They are not so indicated at a very young age as the jaw bones are still growing. As society gets more educated about the benefits of a healthy dentition, many people nowadays, have done one form of orthodontic treatment before.

There are three types of braces,
1) Brackets that are bonded to the anterior region (this type is typical for children)
2) Metal bands that are wrapped surrounding the teeth.
3) Brackets that are bonded to the posterior region.

Braces consist of the following components:


are the small square-shaped components bonded directly to the front of each tooth using a special bonding agent or are attached to the orthodontic bands. Several types of brackets are available, including tooth-colored ceramic, stainless steel, and plastic. Sometimes, brackets are cemented to the back of the teeth, to hide them from view.

Orthodontic bands

are stainless steel, transparent, or tooth-colored bands that are cemented to the teeth. They surround each tooth, providing an anchor for the brackets. For cosmetically appealing purposes, there are clear or tooth-colored bands to choose from. It is noted that orthodontic bands are not used in all cases. Some people have only brackets with no bands.


are separators that fit in between the dentition to create a small space before placing the bands.


are attached to the brackets. These wires act as tracks to guide teeth movement.

Ties are primarily small fine wires or rubber rings

that fasten the archwire to the brackets. The tie is an essential component for the braces to hold.

Rubber bands or Elastics

are attached to hooks between the upper and lower teeth in various ways. They provide the pressure to move the upper teeth against the lower to achieve the correction of dentition.

If braces are the solution for you, the dentist or orthodontist will prescribe an appliance tailored to your needs. The braces might include wires, bands, and other corrective devices. With the advancement of technology, the solutions are made accessible to those requiring treatment. For the complex cases, however, 2 to 4 years of treatment time is considered reasonable, still don’t worry if your case seems to require a long time to complete.

In summary, you will need to consult your dentist in your first step towards teeth realignment. Ideally, you can end up with the desired teeth you wanted within a year or two.